A patchwork of acts

Current privacy laws developed as responses to sector-specific concerns. The United States operates from a patchwork of federal and state laws, budded in common-law doctrines. It’s from this jigsaw framework that we have our current data privacy regulations.

The list

In alphabetical order, the following is a list of some laws that protect privacy in the U.S.

On the state side, California was the first state to enact a security breach notification law. To date, forty-eight states have enacted their own laws that notify users of a data breach.* With California as a main hub for technology innovation, it’s little surprise to see California as the first state to issue a law that, on its face, deals with the collection of digital information. The California Consumer Privacy Act (“


”),* which strongly resembles the


, was passed in 2018 and went into effect in 2020. Significant takeaways are that consumers in the state of California now have the right to request the deletion of their data, so long as other laws are not affected by this request; businesses are required to disclose how information is collected and shared; and consumers have the right to instruct a company not to sell their information.

Works cited